Liu Shaoqi

(1898–1969)
   A senior figure in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leadership under Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi was president of the People’s Republic of China from 1959 to 1968, and for a period was second only to Mao in the party hierarchy. Born in Hunan province, Liu joined the Socialist Youth League in Shanghai, went to Moscow to study in 1920, and returned the following year when he joined the CCP and became involved in union organizing. In 1928 he was made chair of the CCP Labor Department and in 1931 he became chair of the All-China Labor Federation in Shanghai.
   When the Japanese invaded in 1936 Liu became a leading organizer of the Chinese communist underground movement behind Japanese lines. He also helped to organize the Red Army and took part in the Long March. By 1945 he was second in command to Mao and was named as heir apparent in 1959. During the Cultural Revolution, he clashed with Mao and was denounced as a “capitalist roader.” Expelled from the party and dismissed from his state posts in 1968, he died in prison in 1969.
   Liu’s contributions to Chinese communism were largely in the realm of organization and organizational theory. He wrote How to Be a Good Communist and On Inner Party Struggle in which he combined MarxismLeninism with Chinese (Confucian) themes. Largely an orthodox Marxist–Leninist he did adopt a less dogmatic approach in economics, which provided evidence for Mao’s accusations of “revisionist” deviations. In 1980 he was rehabilitated by the party, which now portrayed him as ideologically orthodox and economically pragmatic.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Liu Shaoqi — Liu Shaoqi. Este es un nombre chino; el apellido es Liu. Liu Shaoqi (chino simplificado: 刘少奇; chino tradicional: 劉少奇; pinyin: Liú Shàoqí; Wade Giles: Liu Shao ch i) (Ningxiang, 24 de noviembre de 1898 – Kaifeng, 12 de noviembre de 1969) fue un …   Wikipedia Español

  • LIU SHAOQI — [LIEOU CHAO K’I] (1898 1969) Fils de petit propriétaire foncier, futur militant professionnel à l’itinéraire révolutionnaire classique, Liu Shaoqi naît à Yinshan (Hunan); en 1916, il entre à l’école normale de Changsha et a pour condisciples Mao… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Liu Shaoqi — (en chinois 劉少奇/刘少奇 Liú Shàoqí ; 1898 1969) était un des dirigeants du Parti communiste chinois (PCC) et de la République populaire de Chine. Renversé et arrêté à la suite de la Révolution culturelle, il est décédé en 1969 dans sa prison, où …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liú Shàoqí — Liu Shaoqi Liu Shaoqi Liu Shaoqi (en chinois 劉少奇/刘少奇 Liú Shàoqí ; 1898 1969) était un des dirigeants du Parti communiste chinois (PCC) et de la République populaire de Chine. Renversé et arrêté à la suite de la Révolution culturelle, il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liu Shaoqi — Liú Shàoqí Liú Shàoqí (chinesisch 劉少奇 / 刘少奇; * 24. November 1898 in Huaminglou, Provinz Hunan; † 12. November 1969) war Vorsitzender der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas (KPCh) und Staatsoberhaup …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liu Shaoqi —   [ tʃi], Liu Shao ch i, chinesischer Politiker, * im Kreis Ningxiang (Provinz Hunan) 1898, ✝ Kaifeng (Provinz Henan) 12. 11. 1969; trat 1921 der KP Chinas (KPCh) bei, widmete sich seit 1922 v. a. dem Aufbau einer kommunistischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Liu Shaoqi — Infobox President name =Liu Shaoqi 劉少奇 刘少奇 |250px nationality = Han Chinese order = 2nd President of the People s Republic of China term start = 27 April 1959 term end = 31 October 1968 predecessor = Mao Zedong successor = Dong Biwu and Song… …   Wikipedia

  • Liu Shaoqi — /lyooh show chee / 1898 1973, Chinese Communist leader: head of state 1959 66. Also, Wade Giles, Liu Shao ch i. * * * or Liu Shao ch i born Nov. 24, 1898, Ningxiang district, Hunan province, China died Nov. 12, 1969, Kaifeng, Henan province… …   Universalium

  • Liu Shaoqi — (Liu Saho chi, Liu Shao ch´i) ► (1898 1974) Político comunista chino. Fue miembro del comité central y del politburó. Fue vicepresidente de la República y dirigió la delegación china en el XIX Congreso del PCUS. Fue presidente de la República… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Liu Shaoqi — /lioʊ ʃaʊˈtʃi/ (say leeoh show chee) noun 1898–1974, chairman of the People s Republic of China 1959–68; deposed during the Cultural Revolution. Formerly, Liu Shao chi …   Australian English dictionary

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